The PNKA Steam Locomotive Roosters of Zone Operational IX

Okay, since a lot of Indonesian enthusiasts keep on asking where to find a list of roosters, I thought I'd make one. This list is compiled based on some old lists, including the list by AE Durrant, JJ Oegema, Rob Dickinson and Indra Krishnamurti, but I thought I'd revised it by making it easier and more open for everyone to see and also adding some photos into it. Before carrying on, just so you as the reader know, the State Railways Operational Zone IX now covers the area from East of a small town Bangil Eastwards until Banyuwangi, East Java (Bangil counts as the borderline of Zone Operational VIII today). So here are the locomotives list.

List of Abbreviations of Steamtram or Railway Firms from the Netherlands East Indies Times

State Owned (owned by ex Netherlands East Indies Government)
  • SS = Staatsspoorwegen (The State Owned Railway)

Private Owned Steamtram Firms
  • BDSM = Babat Djombang Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Babat - Djombang Steamtram Enterprise), which later went bankrupt around 1920 and the firm was taken over by Staatsspoorwegen.
  • MS = NV. Malang Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Malang Steamtram Enterprise)
  • MSM = NV. Modjokerto Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Modjokerto Steamtram Enterprise)
  • PsSM = NV. Passoeroean Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Passoeroean Steamtram Enterprise)
  • PbSM = NV. Probolinggo Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Probolinggo Steamtram Enterprise)
  • SJS = NV. Samarang Joana Stoomtram Maatschappij (The Samarang Joana Steamtram Enterprise), one of the four sister steamtram firms (Het Stoomtam Zuster Maatschappijen) along with NV. Oost Java Stoomtram Maatschappij (OJS), NV. Samarang Cheribon Stoomtram Maatschappij (SCS) and NV. Serajoedal Stoomtram Maatschappij (SDS).

Bangil Sub - Depot (Zone Operational VIII)

An aerial photo of Bangil Railway Station and its surroundings dated 1947, courtesy of KITLV Leiden. The legends that correspond to the photos are : 1. Bangil Railway Station building; 2. Railway Station Warehouse; 3. Locomotive Depot; 4. Locomotive Turntable; 5. Locomotive Depot Office; 6. Modjokerto Stoomtram branchline to Pandakan (Pandaan); 7. SS Branchline to Soekoredjo Sugar Mill; 8 East Watchtower.
  • B17xx series in a total of 1 unit (B1703 ex MS no.3 ???) (*)
  • B24xx series in a total of 1 unit (B2401 ex MS no.10)(**)
  • C21xx series in a total of 3 units (C2102 ex BDSM no.10, later became SS no.114; C2103 ex MSM no.11; C2105 ex MSM no.15)
  • D52xx series in a total of 1 unit (***) 
  • F10xx series in a total of 2 units (F1007 ex SS no.807; F1017 ex SS no.817)
  • In total there are 8 units of steam locomotives
(*) A.E. Durrant's book stated that a B17xx loco was seen at Bangil, and a photo taken by Tony Ford in Rob Dickison's site also state that there is a B1703 loco at Bangil, although the exact location of the photo was not written, in which the photo can be seen here.
(**) B24xx was the only sole survivor remaining at the time that the steam locomotives data was made by Dusty Durrant in 1970, as it was used as a pilot locomotive at the Bangil Shed, which can be seen here.
(***) Rob Dickinson claims he has seen some sightings of a D52xx series steam locomotive which he believed to be owned by the Sidotopo Main Depot in Surabaya working further East, but no documentations are shown.

A B17xx series steamtram locomotive (the exact number is unknown) seen here with its staff personnel of Malang Stoomtram Maatschappij, poses in Singosari MS Tramstation in North of Malang, East Java, Indonesia. This photo is dated around 1920, courtesy of Geheugen van Nederlands.

A D52107 steam locomotive, one of the D52xx series steam locomotives fleet, is being shipped to the Harbour of Tanjung Priok in North Jakarta, at possibly one of the harbours in Netherlands. As you can see from the photo, the steam locomotive is 'fresh from the oven', or in another words, it just came out of the production line. This was one of the steam locomotives that were imported to Indonesia after their independence. The year of the photo is not known, but it is predicted around 1950. Photo courtesy of Nederlands Fotomuseum.

Jati Main Depot (East Probolinggo)

An aerial photo of Jati Depot in Probolinggo, East Java, dated 1947, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura. Here, the photographer faces West.

Note that the Jati Locomotive Depot was the main depot that hosted the PbSM steamtram locomotives back in the Netherlands East Indies era. Later after Indonesia was independence, it became a sub depot, and when the line was completely out of use, the depot today become derelict and turned into a densely packed slum settlements.

A PsSM no.18 steamtram locomotive (which was later renumbered to B1612) leaves the Waroengdowo Tramstation with passenger wagons as another steamtram consisting of boxcars is entering the station. This photo is dated 1920, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura.
  • B16xx series in a total of 2 units (B1601 ex PbSM no.1 and B1624 ex PsSM no.12)
  • C19xx series in a total of 1 unit (C1906 ex SJS no.106)
  • C25xx series in a total of 2 units (C2501 ex PbSM no.11 and C2506 ex PsSM no.9)
  • TC10xx series in a total of 1 unit (TC1006 ex SS no.506T) (*)
  • In total there are 6 steam locomotives
(*) The TC1006 steam locomotive is a narrow gauge steam locomotive, taken from the former 600 mm roadside branch tramline from Balung to Ambulu in Jember Region. Rob Dickinsion stated that after the line went out of use around 1965, the TC1006 steam locomotive went under repairs at Jember Main Depot, and then somehow it was grabbed by the employees of Jati Depot. It was then later used as a water boiler in Jati Depot.

A PbSM no.13 steamtram locomotive (which was later renumbered to C2503) hauling a long train of boxcars as it passes on a roadside tramline section between Gending and Pajarakan in East of Probolinggo, East Java. This photo is dated around 1915, and courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura.

Klakah Sub Depot (Lumajang Region, North Section)

An aerial photo of Klakah Locomotive Depot, North of Lumajang, East Java, dated 1948, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura.

An SS no.827 (which was later renumbered to F1027) seen here at a railway station somewhere in West Sumatra. Due to its mountainous terrains, the Klakah Depot had five units of this locomotive. This steam locomotive was typically used on mountainous terrains with tracks that have larger radius of curvature. This locomotive was mainly used for trains from Probolinggo to Jember, although it did manage to travel to Banyuwangi at the same time.
  • C12xx series in a total of 3 units (C1222 ex SS no.231 later renumbered to SS no.551; C1233 ex SS no.265 later renumbered to SS no.473; C1242 ex SS no.298 later renumbered to SS no.482)
  • C27xx series in a total of 2 units (C2704 ex SS no.1104; C2727 ex SS no.1127)
  • CC10xx series in a total of 5 units (CC1001 ex SS no.312 later renumbered to SS no.521; CC1008 ex SS no.331 later renumbered to SS no.528; CC1020 ex SS no.361 later renumbered to SS no.540; CC1026 ex SS no.369 later renumbered to SS no.553; CC1029 ex SS no.372 later renumbered to SS no.556)
  • F10xx series in a total of 5 units (F1002 ex SS no.802; F1006 ex SS no.806; F1010 ex SS no.810; F1011 ex SS no.811; F1012 ex SS no.812)
  • TC10xx series in a total of 1 unit (TC1010 ex SS no.510T) (*)
  • In total there are 18 steam locomotives
(*) The TC1010 steam locomotive is a narrow gauge steam locomotive, taken from the former 600 mm roadside branch tramline from Balung to Ambulu in Jember Region. After the line went out of service in 1965, the steam locomotive was taken out of its former depot in Balung, Jember Region, and transferred to Klakah Sub Depot. It was then later used as a water boiler in Klakah Sub Depot.

A CC1007 (former SS no.557) poses with a C1127 (former SS no.327) at a locomotive depot somewhere in West Java, possibly in Cibatu, in 1978. CC10xx series steam locomotives were the mallet series steam locomotives that were used to tackle the sharp curves and gradients in the mountainous lines in the East Section of East Java. A lot of CC10xx series steam locomotives were used to tackle the branchline from Klakah to Pasirian via Lumajang, but some of them were also used to on the mainline from Probolinggo to Banyuwangi via Klakah and Jember, and some of them were also used on another branchline from Kalisat (North of Jember) to Panarukan via Bondowoso and Situbondo. This photo is courtesy of Spoorwegarchief, and has been uploaded with permissions from the Flickr account owner of Spoorwegarchief. DO NOT reupload without permissions from the owner of Flickr account Spoorwegarchief himself.

Yosowilangon Sub Depot (Lumajang Region, East Section)
This locomotive depot was located along the ex 600 mm branch roadside tramline from Rambipuji to Lumajang, via Balung, Kencong and Yosowilangon. The line was later regauged to 1067 mm and moved around 500 meters West of the main road from Rambipuji to Lumajang. Although at the time that this data was noted, the steamtram line was still active, however, it is assumed that at the same time that the data was noted, the Yosowilangon Sub Depot had gone out of service although the station and its siding were still in use. So therefore, no steam locomotives were seen at this depot.

Jember Main Depot

An aerial photo of Jember Railway Station, its siding and also the Jember Main Locomotive Depot and its surroundings. This photo is dated around 1947, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura. Here, the photographer faces (kind of) towards North West.

The Jember Depot is now used a central depot for Operational Zone IX.

A D5035 steam locomotive (formerly SS no.939) making a quick stop at Wilangan, a small halt / second class station somewhere along the Blitar - Kediri - Kertoso line. The photo is dated around 1948, during The Dutch Political Action when they were securing their assets. Besides from the line between Surabaya and Madiun, The Jember Depot also had 6 allocations of D50xx series steam locomotives. The photo is courtesy of Geheugen van Nederlands.
  • C11xx series in a total of 1 unit (C1105 ex SS no.55)
  • C12xx series in a total of 1 unit (C1221 ex SS no.232 later renumbered to SS no.460)
  • C13xx/C22xx series in a total of 1 unit ?? (*)
  • C27xx series in a total of 6 units (C2707 ex SS no.1107; C2712 ex SS no,1112; C2713 ex SS no.1113; C2718 ex SS no.1118; C2732 ex SS no.1132; C2738 ex SS no.1138)
  • D50xx series in a total of 6 units (D5013 ex SS no.914; D5023 ex SS no.927; D5033 ex SS no.937; D5034 ex SS no.938; D5035 ex SS no.939; D5038 ex SS no.942)
  • D51xx series in a total of 1 unit (D5101 ex SS no.1501)
  • F10xx series in a total of 1 unit (F1018 ex SS no.818)
(*) The C13xx/C22xx series loco was later moved to Mojokerto Depot from the Sidotopo Depot, in which it eventually was scrapped at Mojokerto. During Tony Ford's visit in 1970, it was left dumped at the Sidotopo Depot in Surabaya, which can be seen in Rob Dickinson's website here. However there is a photo dated back to 1930 to prove its existence in Operational Zone IX.

An SS no.335 (which was later renumbered to C1130) poses with its crew at a station in Java. Most of these steam locomotives were used on the branchline towards Panarukan, East Java. However, some of these locomotives were also used on the mainline to Banyuwangi, East Java. The trains to Panarukan and Banyuwangi were departed from Jember, East Java. But today, only trains to Banyuwangi are departed from Jember, since the line to Panarukan from Jember via Kalisat, Bondowoso and Situbondo had been closed. This photo was dated around 1925, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura.

A C2710 steam locomotive (formerly SS no.1110) en route with a Westbound passenger train, as it reached the outskirts of the City of Yogyakarta. The photo is dated 1947, courtesy of Geheugen van Nederlands. Two depots in Operational Zone IX had allocations of these steam locomotives. Those two depots were Klakah (allocated 2 units) and Jember (with the most allocations of 6 units).

Banyuwangi Sub Depot


An aerial photo of the (Old) Banyuwangi Railway Station and its surroundings and facilities in East Java. Today, this station is not in use anymore, and a new station was built 10 km further North from this location.
  • C12xx series in a total of 1 unit (C1223 ex SS no.234 later renumbered to SS no.462)
  • C15xx series in a total of 1 unit (C1510 ex SS no.259 later renumbered to SS no.94)
  • TC10xx series in a total of 1 unit (TC1009 ex SS no.509T) (*)
(*) The TC1009 steam locomotive is a narrow gauge steam locomotive, taken from the former 600 mm roadside branch tramline from Balung to Ambulu in Jember Region. After the line went out of service in 1965, the steam locomotive was taken out of its former depot in Balung, Jember Region, and transferred to Banyuwangi Sub Depot. It was then later used as a water boiler in Banyuwangi Sub Depot.

A C11xx/C12xx series steam locomotive with a mixed train going North to Bondowoso from Jember in East Java. This is a section of the branchline going North from Jember, which leads and ends at the Harbour of Panarukan, West of Situbondo, East Java. This photo is dated around 1920, courtesy of KITLV Leiden Pictura.

Balung Main Depot (Jember Region, South (-ish) Section)
As mentioned earlier, Balung was part of a 600 mm branch roadside tramline that went from Rambipuji to Lumajang, and had a junction to Ambulu. Around 1925, there was a process of regauging the line from 600 mm to 1067 mm, all the way from Rambipuji to Lumajang, except for the roadside tramline branch from Balung to Ambulu. So the branchline from Balung to Ambulu remained as a 600 mm tramline, the only difference is that it was slightly repositioned. The original depot that housed the 600 mm tramline locomotives was stationed at Rambipuji, until it was moved to Balung when it was being regauged to 1067 mm and remained in Balung until its closure. And when the line was closed somewhere in 1965, its 600 mm steam locos were also moved, however, the remnants of the depot still remain intact and parts of the lines can still be seen.
  • TC10xx series in a total of 3 units, which are : 
    • TC1006 ex SS no.506T which was later moved to Jember Main Depot and then moved to Jati Main Depot 
    • TC1010 ex SS no.510T which was later moved to Klakah Sub Depot
    • TC1009 ex SS no.509T which was later moved to Banyuwangi Sub Depo. 
    • All the TC10xx series locos were then used as a water boiler after they were moved.
An SS no.504T (which was later renumbered to TC1004) seen here with a mixed train, many of which consists of passenger wagons with two box cars in the rear, on a roadside narrow gauge tramway section from Karawang to Wadas in West Java. Besides from the narrow gauge roadside tramway from Karawang to Wadas in West Java, another section in the East Section of East Java also had allocations of these steam locomotives, which was the narrow gauge roadside steamtramline from Balung to Ambulu in the South Section of Jember Region, East Java. The main depot was being positioned as Balung, which meant that the station had tracks consisted of a 1067 mm or 3 ft 6 in gauge, and also a 600 mm narrow gauge tracks. The end of the line was at Ambulu, although it did have a branch to a nearby plantation and a teak forest. Sadly the narrow gauge branchline to Ambulu had to be shut down around 1965 due to lack of maintenance and passengers.
  • SS no.201 - 203T series and no.301T, which now has been moved to Sragi Sugar Mill and become sugar cane plantation narrow gauge locomotive in Sragi Sugar Mill (Pekalongan Region, West Section, Central Java). 
    • SS no.201T became Sragi's no.13 (stored in Comal Shed) 
    • SS no.202T became Sragi's no.12 (active at Sragi) 
    • SS no.203T became Sragi's no.16 (active at Sragi) 
    • SS no.301T became Sragi's no.18 (stored in Comal Shed)
Sragi's no.16 (formerly SS no.203T) is doing the yard work in an evening in the outside yard of Sragi Sugar Mill, West of Pekalongan, Central Java. This was also another fleet that was allocated mainly for the branchline from Balung to Ambulu in the South Section of Jember Region, East Java. Note also that this steam locomotive still carries the original "SS" plate, although the other 'SS' and manufacturers plates have been taken off and bought by enthusiasts from Europe. After the line was closed, it was bought and used to build the Cacaban Dam near Tegal, and after the dam was completed, it somehow went to Sragi Sugar Mill.
    • Note that there was a tale or a missing chapter on how the four of the SS no.'s 201-203T and no.301T steam locomotives were used to build the Cacaban Dam somewhere near Tegal in Central Java after the branchline from Balung to Ambulu had closed. And when the dam was completed, they somehow got transferred to Sragi Sugar Mill since they had the same gauge.
    • Also note that nearby Sragi Sugar Mill there was a Comal Sugar Mill. After Comal Sugar Mill went bankrupt somewhere during the Japanese invation, its assets were taken over by Sragi Sugar Mill. Comal's locomotive shed and siding was used by Sragi as a sub depot and sub sugar cane wagons siding until they ripped off all their field lines in 2003. Now the Comal locomotive shed is still in use, but only to store the out of service steam locomotives that are owned by Sragi Sugar Mill.

Other things you might want to check out

The more detailed specifications of the PNKA steam locomotives that have ever existed in Zone Operational IX Jember

A couple of things to note down :
  1. This list was written by AE Durrant during his visit to Java in 1970, taken from his book PNKA Power Parade which went out to print in 1973.
  2. This list is not 100% accurate, however, it has been confirmed, cross checked, corrected, revised and verified with Rob Dickinson who first came to Java in 1975.
  3. The steam locomotive numbers dating back to the Netherlands East Indies times are taken from a list made by Indra Krishnamurti, which is taken from a book called De Stoomtractie op Java, written by JJ Oegema, which also has been cross checked, corrected, confirmed, revised and verified by Piotr Staszewski.
  4. The detailed steam locomotive specifications are taken from Indonesian Railway Heritage Official Site, owned and made by the Indonesian State Railway, combined with the PNKA Power Parade Book made by AE Durrant and a list of steam locomotive roosters rewritten by Indra Krishnamurti, which was originally taken from a book called De Stoomtractie op Java, written by J.J. Oegema.
  5. Some photos are deliberately not shown due to copyright reasons, but otherwise all the black and white photos are copyrights and all rights reserved from Tropenmseum Online Collections, KITLV Leiden University Online Collections, Nederlands Fotomuseum and Geheugen van Nederlands themselves.
  6. Other photos that you see in this blog have been uploaded with permissions from the owners, so therefore the copyrights go towards the owners of the photos.

7 comments:

  1. A very useful survey and this adds a missing link (certainly in English) on the depots and their steam loco allocations in East Java. Highly recommended.

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