The Steam Locomotive Roosters of Atjehtramweg Maatschappij

This list just basically shows a list of the steam locomotives that were used by the great Atjehtramweg Maatschappij, a private steamtram company which ran a narrow gauge steam tramway of 750 mm in Aceh during the Netherlands East Indies period, which then later became a part of Indonesian State Railway after Indonesia became independent.

The Atjehtramweg Maatschappij Workshop in Sigli, dated around 1910. Photo courtesy of KITLV Leiden University Libraries.

The B - Series Steam Locomotives
An (A)SS, an abbreviation of (Atjeh) Staatsstoomtram or the (Dutch East Indies) (Atjeh) State Steamtram steam locomotive no.5 (ASS no.5) 2-4-0T made by Hannomag Hannover Linden in Germany, crosses over a bridge in Atjeh River as it hauls two passenger wagons. This loco was originally numbered AT - 5, or the Atjeh Tramweg no.5, and was finally renumbered to B - 5 after Indonesia was independent. This photo is dated around 1900, courtesy of KITLV Leiden University Librabries.

Original
Number
Later
Number
Final
Number
Wheel
Arrangement
Year of
Production
Builder
Builder's
Number
AT 1-5
ASS 1-5
B1-5
2-4-0T
1887
Hanomag
1556-1560
AT 6
ASS 6
B6
2-4-0T
1887
Hanomag
1853
AT 7-8
ASS 7-8
B7-8
2-4-0T
1894
Hanomag
2628-2629
AT 9
ASS 9
B9
2-4-0T
1897
Hanomag
3039
AT 12
ASS 10
B10
2-4-0T
1899
Hanomag
3210
AT 49
ASS 11
B11
2-4-0T
1904
Kutaraja Shops
-
AT 60
ASS 12
B12
2-4-0T
1904
Sigli Shops
-

The C - Series Steam Locomotives (Part 1)
The Atjehtramweg Maatschappij no.36 steam locomotive (AT - 36) posing in front of a workshop or depot, which was later renumbered to Atjeh Staatsstoomtram no.46 (ASS - 46), which was then finally renumbered to C - 46 after Indonesia got their independence. This steam loco was built by Werkspoor in 1903, and had a wheel configuration of 0-6-0T.


Original
Number
Later
Number
Final
Number
Wheel
Arrangement
Year of
Production
Builder
Builder's
Number
AT 10-11
ASS 21-22
C21-22
0-6-0T
1898
Hanomag
3198-3199
AT 13-16
ASS 23-26
C23-26
0-6-0T
1900
Hanomag
3371-3374
AT 17-22
ASS 27-32
C27-32
0-6-0T
1901
Hanomag
3567-3572
AT 23-29
ASS 33-39
C33-39
0-6-0T
1901
Hanomag
3629-3635
AT 30-35
ASS 40-45
C40-45
0-6-0T
1901-2
Werkspoor
44-49
AT 36-40
ASS 46-50
C46-50
0-6-0T
1903
Werkspoor
88-92
AT 41-44
ASS 51-54
C51-54
0-6-0T
1903
Werkspoor
106-109
AT 45-48
ASS 55-58
C55-58
0-6-0T
1903
Hanomag
4042-4045
AT 56-57
ASS 59-60
C59-60
0-6-0T
1904
Werkspoor
131-132
AT 58-59
ASS 61-62
C61-62
0-6-0T
1904
Hanomag
4246-4247


The C - Series Steam Locomotives (Part 2)
At the time when European enthusiasts visited Aceh in the late 60's and early 70's, there were no more C - 71 to 76 series steam locomotives that were seen or detected. So the only remains of it was the technical drawing of the steam locomotive, which can be seen on Rob Dickinson's site here.

However, there was a sole survivor of the C - 81 and C - 82 series, which was the C - 82 (ex Atjeh Staatsspoorwegen no.82 or ASS - 82), which can been seen here as it undergo repairs at the Sigli Workshops at the time Tony Ford visited Aceh in 1970.

Original
Number
Later
Number
Final
Number
Wheel
Arrangement
Year of
Production
Builder
Builder's
Number


C71-76
2-6-0
1962
Nippon Sharyo
1957-1962
ASS 81-82

C81-82
4-6-0
1922
Werkspoor
516-517

The D - Series Steam Locomotives
The last steam locomotive from the Atjehtramweg Maatschappij from the series D - 100 are only the D - 104 and the D - 105, both were spotted by Tony Ford in 1970 at Sigli and at Langsa respectively, which both were built by Du Croo & Brauns. All the D - 100 series steam locomotives are believed to be scrapped at the time Tony Ford came to Aceh.

Original
Number
Later
Number
Final
Number
Wheel
Arrangement
Year of
Production
Builder
Builder's
Number
ASS 101-106

D101-106
2-8-0
1931
Du Croo & Brauns
197-202
ASS 107-112

D107-112
2-8-0
1930
Hanomag
10748-10753

The Mallet Type Steam Locomotives
Last but not least is of course the mallet type locomotives, since Aceh had steep gradients on their rails. So here they are.

Atjehtramweg Maatschappij's no.50 (AT - 50) 0-4-4-2T mallet steam locomotive built by Esslingen poses in what seems to be in a siding of a depot. This steam locomotive was later renumbered to Atjeh Staatsstoomtram no.71 (ASS - 71) and finally renumbered to BB - 71 after Indonesia was independent. This photo was dated around 1910, courtesy of KITLV Leiden University Library.

Original
Number
Later
Number
Final
Number
Wheel
Arrangement
Year of
Production
Builder
Builder's
Number
AT 50-55
ASS 71-76
BB71-76
0-4-4-2T
1904
Esslingen
3271-3276


BB81-84
0-4-4-2T
1962
Nippon Sharyo
2004-2007

Another one of the mallet type steam locomotive, the AT - 52, later renumbered ASS - 72, and finally renumbered to B - 73 after Indonesia was independent, seen here posing in what seems to be siding of a locomotive depot. This loco was also made by Esslingen, and notice it seems to have a slightly different wheel arrangement of 0-4-4-0T, unlike the other ones from the same series. This photo was also dated around 1910, courtesy of KITLV Leiden University Libraries.

An old photo of one of the station along Atjehtramweg Maatschappij, the Samalanga Station near Lhokseumawe in the province of Aceh, back in around 1900. This photo is courtesy of KITLV Leiden Universiry Library.

Another photo of a station belongs to Atjehtramweg Maatschappij, this time it's in Kutaraja, dated around 1910 and taken from KITLV Leiden University Libraries.

A couple of things to note down :
  1. This list was first compiled by J.J. Oegema in his book, De Stoomtractie op Java en Soematra, in 1970, which was then revised and updated by Rob Dickinson in his book, Incredible Indonesia, in 1973.
  2. This list was then rewritten by Indra Krishnamurti and used as a reference, which you can see here, which was then also checked, rechecked and corrected by Piotr Staszewski.
  3. Some of the photos are deliberately not shown due to maintain copyright reasons. Other photos that are from KITLV Leiden University Library are copyrights and all rights reserved from the KITLV Leiden University Library itself.
  4. Other references used in order to write this list is also a book written by AE Durrant, PNKA Power Parade, which was printed in 1970.

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